Environmental Law

We live in a world where we are subject to environmental and economic effects that transcend national boundaries. Increasing globalisation has led to a greater recognition of the need to address these issues.



How we engage

Law is fundamental to just and effective governance of natural resources, for the benefit of people and nature.

IUCN aims to advance environmental law through the development of legal concepts and instruments. IUCN also helps societies apply environmental law in the conservation of nature and ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.


  • Fishermen with their catch on the Meghna River, Bangladesh Fishermen with their catch on the Meghna River, Bangladesh Photo: © Enamul Mazid Khan Siddique/Oxfam Bangladesh

    New report lays groundwork for benefit sharing in Meghna River Basin


    IUCN’s Building River Dialogue and Governance (BRIDGE) Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) project has developed a profile and preliminary scoping study on Benefit sharing opportunities in the Meghna Basin for Bangladesh and India. The document is the first of...

  • Mangroves Mangroves Photo: Damsea on Shutterstock.com

    IUCN and WWF unite to enhance the implementation of legal tools protecting mangroves


    Mangrove forests are an incredible ecosystem, existing at the intersection of land, freshwater and ocean. Beyond their unique beauty, they provide numerous essential ecosystem services. Acting as a carbon sink, they enhance carbon sequestration 3 to 5 times...

  • 3 rd SMM stakeholders’ workshop, Sept 2018, Kisumu, Kenya 3 rd SMM stakeholders’ workshop, Sept 2018, Kisumu, Kenya Photo: IUCN

    Third SMM stakeholders’ workshop, September 25 - 26, 2018, Kisumu, Kenya


    IUCN, UNECE and IGAD Secretariat with funding from OES US State Department and SDC supported the Third SMM stakeholders’ workshop held from September 25-26, 2018 in Kisumu, Kenya.

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Marine wildlife Photo: PB CC0

Oceans and Coasts

Oceans cover most of the planet, but marine biodiversity is among the least understood branches of science. There exist governance gaps over key marine ecosystems, particularly in areas beyond national jurisdiction.


Judicial and prosecutorial training in Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania Photo: Jia Qiao


Illegal taking and illegal killing represents a significant and growing pressure on wild species of fauna and flora.


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